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Providence, RI
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Wildland Fire

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Wildland Fire

The Rural EMS Committee meets bi-monthly with the Incident Emergency Medical Services (IEMS) Sub-committee. This sub-committee is a part of the National Wildfire Coordinating Group (NWCG) and addresses issues related to the delivery of EMS on incidents managed by various agencies called to wildland fires. The team will develop and recommend standards for the delivery of EMS and occupational health services on incidents managed by NWCG member agencies. The following are a few of the issues that the subcommittee is addressing:

  • Credentialing of EMS personnel and resources moving between jurisdictions
  • Medical unit equipment standards
  • Identification of a standard scope of practice and standard of care on incidents
  • Maintenance of incident medical records
  • Provision of over-the-counter (OTC) medications

Wildland Fire Documents

  • Clinical Treatment Guidelines for Wildland Fire Medical Units: (July 2012)

The necessity of identifying a systematic approach for the care of the sick and injured on wildland fire incidents has expanded over the last 30 years. These Clinical Treatment Guidelines were developed by the NWCG IEMS and were reviewed by physicians familiar with the wildland fire environment.

The NASEMSO Guide to State Processes for Legal Recognition of EMTs for Wildfires is intended to be used as reference material only. State policies are subject to change, and may not be immediately reflected in this document. The processes listed below are for Basic Life Support only. Medical Unit Leaders, Logistic Section Chiefs, Agency Administrators, and others must appropriately research processes in each state.

  • Tactical Plan: (updated January 2012)

The tactical plan mission statement of the IEMS is to develop national emergency medical and occupational health standards and procedures. The mission purpose is to ensure the health and safety of workers on wildland fire incidents in an efficient and cost effective manner. The focus will be to provide information, updates, and guidance as necessary in the development and ongoing effort for a successful outcome. IEMTG's National Interagency Tactical Plan.

  •  Minimum Standards for Medical Units: (12/07/12)

After years of hard work and effort put forth by representatives from NWCG member agencies, the National Association of EMS Officials (NASEMSO), the National Association of EMS Physicians (NAEMSP), numerous outside organizations, and from individual medical unit leaders The Interim NWCG Minimum Standards for Medical Units has been published. This document reflects a national approach focused on providing a coordinated, uniformed, and comprehensive delivery of emergency medical services (EMS) and occupational health on Federal wildland fires in the United States of America. The Interim NWCG Minimum Standards for Medical Units is designed to be utilized as a baseline or minimum expectations for EMS personnel and services associated with wildland fire incidents managed by NWCG member agencies. However, medical directors of various programs and agencies may identify alternative standards for use within their jurisdictional purview, therefore if questions or discrepancies are found, consult the appropriate medical director or state EMS authority.

Wildland Fire Links:

IEMS Website:
http://www.nwcg.gov/branches/pre/rmc/iems/index.html